Artificial Intelligence, Democracy and Human Dignity

As artificial intelligence is growing in scope and strength, it raises the issue of whether it could develop independence. A research project at Uppsala University led by Anna-Sara Lind will monitor this development and how it impacts on society. 

One of the fundamental issues for the researchers to investigate is whether strong AI is even possible and, if so, how it would affect democracy, human dignity, human rights and other ethical questions.


One of the fundamental issues for the researchers to investigate is whether strong AI is even possible and, if so, how it would affect democracy, human dignity, human rights and other ethical questions.

In the historical paradigm shift entailed by today’s technological development, there is a risk of humans having less influence in the world, instead of more. This gives rise to a need for a deeper understanding of the values created and transferred as technology based on artificial intelligence becomes increasingly common. The research project is intended to create a clearer idea of which effects artificial intelligence may have in terms of rights, ethics, world views and social institutions at a global level.

Anna-Sara Lind

Researcher at Centre for Multidisciplinary Research on Religion and Society (CRS)

Researcher at Centre for Multidisciplinary Studies on Racism

Professor at Department of Law, Professors, Instructors, Researchers



  • Presentation of preliminary results and the project's foundations under the title "Strong AI and human dignity" at The Asian Conference on Ethics, Religion & Philosophy, Tokyo 23/3 2019
  • Anna-Sara Lind moderates the symposium "Demokratins hälsa idag och i morgon", Uppsala universitet. The First deputy speaker of the parliament was also present. Uppsala 8/11 2019
  • Presentation at Nordiska administrativa förbundet with the title "AI, demokratin och rättsstaten – presentation av ett forskningsprojekt", Stockholm 29/11 2019.
  • Presentation of the project at the constitutional law unit at the Swedish Ministry of Justice under the title "AI och grundlagen", Stockholm 28/3 2019
  • Seminar held at the post-graduate level at the law programme at Uppsala University, under the title "Artificiell intelligens", Uppsala 9/9 2019
  • Participation at the conference "Cogito Ergo Sum? AI in Japan and Sweden", Linköping Universitet, 24/9 2019
  • Participation at the conference "Konferensen Guds rike" under the title "AI och människovärdet - utmaningar och möjligheter", Stockholm 24/11 2019
  • Anna-Sara Lind, Jonas Hultin Rosenberg and Johan Wejryd holds a presentation under the title ”AI, demokrati och mänsklig värdighet” at a seminar with Nordiskt administrativt förbund [Nordic Association for Administration], Supreme Administrative Court, Stockholm. November 29.


  • Presentation at the CRS collaboration day, Uppsala University, regarding the importance of humanities research and perpectives from religious studies in relation to the AI area, Uppsala 4/2 2020
  • Participation in panel debate at Katedralcaféet with Antje Jackelén and Paul Hemerén under the title "Äkta människor, äkta AI: om etiken i förhållandet mellan artificiell intelligens och människan", Uppsala 24/2 2020
  • Participation in the theme event "AI och mänsklig beröring" at Katedralakademien, Stockholm 3/5 2020
  • Arranged workshop/seminar series with prof. Åsa Cajander and the Human Technology research group, May-June 2020
  • Johan Wejryd and A. Åkerlind holds a Digital ”Guided introduction” of Lars Arrhenius’ work at the Uppsala Museum of Art. June 10 2020.
  • Anna-Sara Lind is a panel speaker at "AI and law", Gothenburg. June 17.
  • Presentation on digital technology in the workplace at UppTalk Weekly, fall 2020. Online:
  • Book chapter "Förvaltning och EU:s dataskydd" by J. Reichel & Anna-Sara Lind, in: Sandström, L, & Peterson, C, (Eds.), Den svenska förvaltningsmodellen is published by Jure förlag.
  • Speaker Seminar "Digital Humanities", Uppsala University. "AI and the (limits of) law". September 9.

  • Participation at the conference "Salamis and Democracy, 2500 years after", on the topic of AI and democracy. October.
  • The article "Allmän rösträtt 30 år? En tvärvetenskaplig blick på rätten till politiskt inflytande för barn, funktionshindrade och mottagare av försörjningsstöd" by Jonas Hultin Rosenberg, Anna-Sara Lind and Johan Wejryd is published in Nordisk Socialrättslig tidskrift.
  • The article "The all-affected principle reconsidered" by Jonas Hultin Rosenberg is published in Social Theory and Practice.
  • Participation in the seminar "Hjärnan och evigheten" at Katedralakademin, Stockholm 14/11 2020
  • Participation in podcast on hauntology and retro-futurism with Zak McGaha and Ken Ammi. 2020.
  • Lecture at Härnäsands pensionärsuniversitet regarding our research project, Härnösand 7/12 2020
  • Anna-Sara Lind publishes a legal opinion on SOU 2020:45, Ett ändamålsenligt skydd för tryck- och yttrandefriheten, December 2020


  • Anna-Sara Lind publishes a WASP-AS blog post, "Bortom dagens AI-hype", January 14.
  • Article "Inget riktigt liv i det falska" by Johan Eddebo published in Signum. The topic is the human condition in relation to digitized isolation. January 2021.
  • Presentation on the WASP-HS winter conference of the project's status with special regard to the details of our interdisciplinary research work. 2021.
  • Book Mänskliga rättigheter i det lokala Sverige, edited by O. Lundin & Anna-Sara Lind is published by Studentlitteratur.
  • Book chapter "Mänskliga rättigheter - ett ansvar för det lokala" by O. Lundin & Anna-Sara Lind, in Lundin, O. & Lind, A-S. (eds.), Mänskliga rättigheter i det lokala Sverige, is published by Studentlitteratur.
  • Book chapter "Artificiella beslutsfattare i den kommunala förvaltningen" by Lars Karlander, in Lundin, O. & Lind, A-S. (eds.), Mänskliga rättigheter i det lokala Sverige, is published by Studentlitteratur.
  • Op-ed "Sluta förfasa er över gangsterrapen" by Johan Eddebo & Emil Lundin is published in Göteborgs-Posten. On the effects upon culture by algorithmic governance of social media. January 2021.
  • Johan Eddebo's book chapter ”Thanatos och längtan bortom livet”, in Reinhold, Emilie, Wandery, Oscar, På tal om döden: Essäer, is published by Makadam förlag. Spring 2021

  • Johan Wejryd holds a presentation under the title ”Exil för alla”  on church related, liberal perspectives on integration at the Church of Sweden’s Institute for Education (education of ministers, deacons and parish educators). April 21.

  • Anna-Sara Lind & Sandra Friberg publishes a legal opinion on the European Commissions AI Act proposal, Proposal for a Regulation laying down harmonised rules on artificial intelligence and amending certain union legislative acts (COM(2021) 206, June 2021.

  • "The Artificial Paradise", research article by Johan Eddebo is published in Svensk teologisk kvartalsskrift in July 2021.

    The redemptive function of science is a central facet of contemporary late-modern mythology, which due to the preeminent discursive hegemony of scientism generally goes more or less unexamined. A kind of redemptive scientism has popularly been acknowledged as simply real and unquestionably true, whereas neither the rationale nor the character of these narratives are sufficiently critically examined. 

  • Oliver Li's article "Problems with 'Friendly-AI'" is published in Ethics and Information Technology. doi: 10.1007/s10676-021-09595-x

  • Lecture by Anna-Sara Lind at Åbo Academy, Finland, on the topic "Legislating AI – a matter of high-risk administration?".

  • Presentation at the WASP-HS researcher seminar by Anna-Sara Lind & Sandra Friberg on the theme of "Regulating AI – legal perspectvies on the recent Proposal from the European Commission". June 3.

  • Popular science/fiction piece, "A Study in Chrome" by Oliver Li and Johan Eddebo published in ShabdAaweg Review of New Delhi. Fall 2021.
  • Popular science/cultural analysis piece, "Faith, Biopower and Utopia", by Johan Eddebo published in Catholic World Report. Late September 2021.
  • Johan Eddebo's article ”The Faustian Machine and the Chrome Lotus: On the diversity of perspectives on the metaphysics of artificial intelligence with a particular focus on the contributions of traditional non-Western thought” is published in New Techno Humanities, December 2021.

    This article intends to provide an outline of the diversity of philosophical perspecives pertaining to artificial subjectivity, with special regard to non-Western approaches and their potential to contribute to the discussion. The premise is that the popular-scientific as well as academic debate on artificial subjectivity is somewhat narrow, with a bias towards reductionist and functionalist approaches. This prevents the inclusion of the plethora of perspectives inherent in the Western philosophical tradition, while also blocking potentially fruitful input from non-Western traditions. 


  • Presentation at The Ethics of Business, Trade, & Global Governance: An Interdisciplinary Conference (Wentworth-by-the-Sea, New Castle, NH, US) by Yulia Razmetaeva on the theme of “Digital platforms’ normative role in today’s world”. December 3, 2022.

Last modified: 2022-12-20